Patient characteristics, therapy service delivery and patient outcomes following pyrocarbon proximal interphalangeal joint arthroplasty

Nureesh Hendricks, Thayananthee Nadasan, Oladapo Michael Olagbegi, Nomzamo Chemane


Background/Aim: Studies on likely sociodemographic and pre-surgical determinants of hand function and satisfaction following
pyrocarbon proximal interphalangeal joint arthroplasty (PPIJA) are scarce. The primary aim of this study was to explore the association
between pre-surgical sociodemographic and clinical characteristics and post-surgical hand function and satisfaction of patients who
underwent PPIJA. A secondary aim was to evaluate the effects of the procedure on pain and active range of movement (AROM) using
retrospective data and on-site follow-up assessment.
Methods: A panel survey of 48 patients (male = 13; female = 35) with median age of 64 years, who had PPIJA between 2001 and
2012, with a total of 61 arthroplasties, was conducted. During follow-up, participants’ pain and satisfaction, AROM, and hand disability
were assessed using the Pain and Satisfaction Questionnaire (PSQ), goniometer, and the Disability of the Shoulder, Hand and Elbow
(DASH) Questionnaire respectively.
Results: The main reason for surgery amongst participants was joint stiffness (68%) while 33.3% of the participants had a repeat
surgery. Participants’ median satisfaction and DASH scores at final assessment were 3 and 22.55 respectively. Patients who underwent
arthroplasty once had significantly higher median PSQ scores (p = 0.011) than those who had their surgery repeated. Pain significantly
reduced (p < 0.001) while AROM significantly increased (p = 0.001) from pre-operative assessment to final follow-up assessment.
Conclusions: Pyrocarbon arthroplasty improved treatment outcomes regarding pain and joint motion; post-operative satisfaction may
be associated with patients having a repeat surgery.

Keywords: Pyrolytic carbon, proximal interphalangeal joint replacement, arthritis, treatment outcome

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ISSN 0038-2337 (print), ISSN 2310-3833 (online)

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